Toryism supported a hierarchical society with a monarch who ruled by divine right. Tories opposed the idea that sovereignty derived from the people, and rejected the authority of parliament and freedom of religion. Robert Filmer 's Patriarcha: However, the Glorious Revolution of destroyed this principle to some degree by establishing a constitutional government in England, leading to the hegemony of the Tory-opposed Whig ideology.
Last Edited May 29, The Conservative Party was the founding political party of Canada, governing for the first 29 years after Confederation. Since then, although not as electorally successful as its rival Liberals, the Conservatives have had periods in power and long periods in opposition.
Its current leader is Andrew Scheer. Macdonald The Conservative Party in Canada took its values and traditions from its namesake in Britain. In the 19th Century, British Conservatives, also known as Torieswere loyal to the monarchy and the Church of England, and generally believed in upholding tradition rather than embracing change.
Canadian Conservatives were also influenced by other political strains, one of the earliest being Liberal influences during the Liberal-Conservative coalition that governed the Province of Canada.
Macdonald entered the coalition as a moderate Conservative, and it was he who shaped the Liberal-Conservative Party that pioneered Confederation. As Canada's first prime minister, Macdonald constructed a party committed to Confederation and to a policy of national economic development.
The party's hyphenated name symbolized Macdonald's own belief in equilibrium and moderation — and in emphasizing what Canadians held in common while obscuring those matters where they were divided. Byhowever, the many parts of the expanding nation had become too different to patch together.
That year Macdonald's Conservatives won seats to 97 for the opposition Liberals, but his majority did not hold; his government fell in The Pacific railway was essential to his nation-building dream; however, its construction — and similar development policies — linked the government too closely with private interests that did not always serve the public interest.
In opposition Macdonald became convinced that his party should represent something more than simply the support of Canada. By then the party had dropped the Liberal-Conservative label in favour of Conservative.
In the election campaign, Macdonald committed his party to the National Policywhich emphasized trade protectionismexpansion in the West and an assertive central government. A strong pro-British message was added to the Conservative platform.
The effectiveness of this approach was proven by Macdonald's re-election inand Macdonald complemented the National Policy with shrewd and lavish patronage and a willingness to compromise — although compromise evaded him in the case of Louis Riel after the North-West Rebellion.
Macdonald's reaction to Riel followed from his centralist perspective, which kept provinces and local interests in the background. The result was that the provinces became increasingly Liberaland supported the provincial-rights stand of Liberal leader Wilfrid Laurier.
After Macdonald's death inhis party could not endure attacks on so many fronts. The Conservatives lost the election and did not regain their pre-eminence for many years. Abbott became prime minister mainly because the Conservative Party could not agree on Macdonald's successor photo by W.
Macdonald and Sir Charles Tupper. Previous Next Borden Nova Scotia lawyer Robert Bordenwho led the federal Conservatives from tosought to push the party beyond Macdonald's legacy.
He lost the elections of and To win inBorden returned to the Conservatives' roots — emphasizing the National Policy and the imperial connection, and thus winning support in Ontario, British Columbia and parts of the Maritimes.
The Conservatives won the election, but the imperialist-nationalist coalition collapsed. Bynationalists in his caucus were bitterly disillusioned with Borden's siding with the more numerous anglophone imperialists, who were eager to support Britain and the Empire. The wartime election was critical for Canadian Conservatism.
To ensure that his conscription policy was upheld, Borden made an alliance with conscriptionist Liberals. The resulting Union Government triumphed, but the victory created lasting resentment among French Canadians.
After the First World WarLiberals deserted the coalition, leaving the Conservative Party with a narrower base than ever before. Meighen Arthur MeighenBorden's successor, immediately tried to shape the remnants of Unionism into Conservatism.
In the election the Conservatives finished third with 50 seats, behind the Progressive Party and the Liberals. Meighen's support of conscription meant the loss of francophone support. In western Canada, Progressives identified more readily with Liberals, since they associated Conservatives with the despised National Policy.
Meighen served briefly as prime minister inbut a Liberal majority soon returned see King-Byng Affair. Conservatives were too closely linked with Britain at a time when Canada's Britishness — and its status as an imperial Dominion — was disappearing.
Nor did Meighen manage to adapt the National Policy to postwar economic conditions. Arthur Meighen Bennett InR. The Great Depression created the climate for Bennett's victory; it also ensured his defeat five years later. Bennett's initial response to the Depression was a characteristically Conservative attempt to protect industry and obtain imperial trade advantages.
It did not work.The Conservative Party in Canada took its values and traditions from its namesake in Britain. In the 19th Century, British Conservatives, also known as Tories, were loyal to the monarchy and the Church of England, and generally believed in upholding tradition rather than embracing change.
Conservatism is a set of political philosophies that opposes revolutionary social and economic changes, and respects traditional hierarchies and regulations.
It is associated with the political right. Conservatism evolved after , embracing free trade in , and a commitment to democracy, especially under Disraeli. the conservative.
The Conservative Party in Canada took its values and traditions from its namesake in Britain. In the 19th Century, British Conservatives, also known as Tories, were loyal to the monarchy and the Church of England, and generally believed in upholding tradition rather than embracing change.
Political ideology is a term fraught with problems, having been called "the most elusive concept in the whole of social science". However, ideologies tend to identify themselves by their position on the political spectrum (such as the left, the centre or the right), though this is very often controversial.
Social conservatism in the United States is the defense of traditional social norms and Judeo-Christian values.. Social conservatives tend to strongly identify with American nationalism and patriotism. They often denounce anti-war protesters and support the police and the military.
The Conservative Party: Embracing the Philosophies of Conservatism and British Unionism Politics essay The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party and colloquially referred to as the Tory Party or the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that states that it espouses the philosophies of.