Overview of social work

Prepares students to engage in relationship-centered, clinical-community practice to enhance the biopsychosocial capacity and resilience of individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities; Teaches students to value human diversity and work to promote social and economic justice; Prepares students to create and exchange responsive, community-based knowledge and research for relevant, effective, and innovative social work practice; and Promotes integrative learning by drawing from and contributing to the diverse, culturally rich, inspiring, and challenging environment of New Orleans and through opportunities for intercultural experience.

Overview of social work

Gestational diabetes often goes away after a woman gives birth.

Wendy Auslander and Elizabeth Budd

However, if insulin resistance continues after giving birth, the condition is considered type 2 diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of preterm birth, preeclampsia, and need for a cesarean section CDC, d. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include family history of diabetes and pre-pregnancy overweight.

Consistent prenatal care, healthy eating, and regular exercise are effective practices for the prevention and management of gestational diabetes CDC, e. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes must also comply with their prescribed medication schedule, frequently monitor their blood glucose level, and adjust their diet and insulin treatments accordingly CDC, e.

Landmark Multi-Site Clinical Trials on Diabetes Management and Prevention Over the last three decades of research on diabetes, there are been several landmark clinical trials that have changed the philosophy and goals of diabetes management and treatment.

As of , the BLS reported that healthcare social workers earned a median annual wage of $52,, while child, family and school social workers earned slightly less at $42, Diabetes (Children and Adults) Abstract and Keywords The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of: diabetes and its significance, the differences in types of diabetes, and landmark clinical trials that have resulted in changes in philosophy and treatment of diabetes. Social Worker: Career Summary, Employment Outlook, and Education Requirements Social workers coordinate programs to help clients deal with serious issues affecting their personal lives. Read further for information on the career duties, employment outlook and education requirements.

Presented in chronological order, the following six studies are large, national or international, multi-site clinical trials that made notable advances in scientific knowledge on how to: The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial was a landmark trial for establishing the efficacy of intensive insulin therapy for people with type 1 diabetes to maintain blood glucose levels as close to the normal Overview of social work as possible and, in turn, prevent and assuage the progression of life-threatening complications of type 1 diabetes for example, retinopathy, nephropathy; Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group, Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications found that participants who received the intensive insulin therapy during the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial experienced a lower risk of high blood pressure and a slower progression of nephropathy 7 to 8 years after the conclusion of the trial, compared with those who received the usual care EDIC, Diabetes Prevention Program The Diabetes Prevention Program was a national study in the United States that compared the effectiveness of metformin treatment and an intensive lifestyle change treatment at preventing type 2 diabetes among 3, overweight adults with pre-diabetes Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group [DPPRG], The lifestyle change treatment included 16 individual sessions with a health coach during the first six months and monthly individual and group sessions for the remaining time a participant was in the study mean 2.

Participants focused on eating less fat and fewer calories and exercising at least minutes a week DPPRG, The lifestyle change treatment group was significantly more effective at preventing type 2 diabetes than the metformin treatment group.

Physical activity levels and weight loss were also significantly greater in the lifestyle change group compared with the other two treatment groups. An analysis was conducted on the cost effectiveness of the Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle change treatment versus the metformin treatment Herman et al.


The cost-effectiveness of the lifestyle change treatment was also consistent across all age groups, whereas the metformin treatment was not shown to be cost-effective among those 65 years and older Herman et al.

The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study compared the impact of a lifestyle intervention with usual care on preventing type 2 diabetes among Finnish adults with pre-diabetes Lindstrom et al.

The Diabetes Prevention Study lifestyle intervention was similar to the intervention in the Diabetes Prevention Program, although contact with a nutritionist was less frequent.

Intervention participants met individually with a nutritionist seven times in the first year and once every three months for the remaining two years of the study. Participants voluntarily attended group support meetings and various educational demonstrations throughout the study as well.

Goals of the lifestyle intervention included: The researchers found the lifestyle intervention was significantly more effective at preventing type 2 diabetes, lowering blood glucose levels, improving dietary intake, and increasing physical activity compared to the usual care delivered to the control group.

The purpose of the study was to determine the most effective treatment for type 2 diabetes among adolescents, since it is not known whether the clinical course of diabetes would be the same for children as it is for adults.

For the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes Study, the efficacy of three treatment interventions specifically for adolescents were evaluated through a randomized clinical trial comparing three arms: The findings indicate that type 2 diabetes may be more aggressive in adolescents than adults because only approximately half of the participants were able to maintain good metabolic control despite adhering to the medication regimen.

Social workers have the knowledge, skills, and values to be strong advocates for the poor (Marsh, ; Schneider, ), continuing the tradition of social action begun long ago by social-work pioneers Jane Addams, Bertha Reynolds, and Whitney Young. Overview. Most of the characteristics listed in this article are present together in studies of social exclusion, due to exclusion's multidimensionality. The Minnesota School Social Workers Association (MSSWA) is a politically responsive, state wide organization committed to the improvement of the school social work profession and to the well being of children and their families. This is accomplished by networking with other professional organizations, providing leadership, gathering and disseminating information and advocating for children.

Behavioral Interventions for Children and Adolescents For over three decades, there has been a growing literature on factors that are associated with good adherence and metabolic control among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Some of these factors represent modifiable risk and protective factors and have been the targets of intervention research in the last 20 years.

The majority of children and adolescents who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes and the treatment regimen is complex.

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The regimen involves daily injections of insulin or use of an insulin pump, frequent blood glucose monitoring, regular meals, dietary restrictions, and physical activity.

Thus, many of the behavioral interventions for children and adolescents with diabetes have included parents, other family members, and family-related outcomes.

Overview of social work

Family-Based Interventions Knowledge gained from cross-sectional studies has identified several dimensions of family life that are associated with successful management of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents, such as family support, family communication patterns, and family responsibility sharing and monitoring of the disease.

The family-based interventions in this group were delivered in the home, the clinic, or other facility, but all focus on changing family parent, child, sibling knowledge, behaviors, and cognitions related to diabetes management.

The intervention was designed to be brief, family focused, and low cost using written materials and four sessions focusing on 1 the need for parental involvement and support during adolescence, 2 coping with conflicts about blood glucose monitoring, 3 preventing conflicts around food, and 4 parental support for exercise.

Using a randomized control group design, the parent—child teamwork condition was compared with an attention control group and a standard care group and followed for 2 years. Findings indicated that the teamwork families reported significantly less diabetes-related family conflict and a trend for more adolescents to improve their glycemic control than the control and standard care groups Anderson et al.

A second evaluation study of the Teamwork intervention showed that the teamwork condition maintained or increased family involvement and demonstrated a significant improvement in glycemic control when compared with the adolescents in the standard care condition.

However, in this trial no significant differences between groups were found in diabetes-related family conflict Laffel et al. This is more cost-effective than a home-based intervention and is a good alternative to families that are not interested or do not have the time for group or individual sessions.Rigorous research processes and proprietary methodologies inform our products and services, ensuring that you can access the trusted insights, guidance and solutions you need to fuel your competitive advantage, operate more efficiently, minimize risk, drive results and achieve a higher level of.

Sep 22,  · The World Bank’s work on Social Development brings voices of the poor and vulnerable into development processes by making evidence-based policy and program contributions through. As of , the BLS reported that healthcare social workers earned a median annual wage of $52,, while child, family and school social workers earned slightly less at $42, The New Social Worker magazine publishes articles on social work careers, social work education, social work ethics, technology, books, and more.

Published quarterly since Social Work Treatment: Interlocking Theoretical Approaches [Francis J. Turner] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. First published in , Social Work Treatment remains the most popular and trusted compendium of theories available to social work students and practitioners.

It explores the full range of theoretical approaches that drive social work treatment and knowledge. Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields.

Overview of social work

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a social worker.

Social Policy: Overview - Encyclopedia of Social Work