Hitchens is an acerbic, ex-leftist journalist, whose latest book is God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. There are differences in the perspectives of these various critics, but also important overlapping themes—in particular the idea that religious believers are not just mistaken, but gullible dolts.
Religion in the Soviet Union The Soviet Union was an atheist state    in which religion was largely discouraged and at times heavily persecuted. Christians belonged to various churches: Orthodoxwhich had the largest number of followers; Catholic ; and Baptist and other Protestant denominations.
The majority of the Islamic faithful were Sunni while Judaism also had many followers. Other religions, which were practiced by a relatively small number of believers, included Buddhism and Shamanism.
However it should be noted that after in the stalin erareligious persecution was greatly reduced. To gather support from the masses during WW2the stalin government re-opened thousands of temples and extinguished the league of militant atheists. Atheist propaganda returned to a lesser extent during the Khruschev government, and continued in a less strict way during Marxist view on religion Breszhnev years.
The role of religion in the daily lives of Soviet citizens varied greatly, but two-thirds of the Soviet population were irreligious. About half the people, including members of the ruling Communist Party and high-level government officials, professed atheism.
The question of religion is a complex one, and can be approached from a number of different standpoints: historical, philosophical, political, etc. Marxism began as a philosophy: dialectical materialism. One person who attempted to examine religion from an objective, scientific perspective was Karl Marx. Marx’s analysis and critique of religion is perhaps one of . What were the Marxist views of religion? Because the worker under the capitalist regimes was miserable and alienated, religious beliefs were sustained. Religion, according to Marx was the response to the pain of .
For the majority of Soviet citizens, religion seemed irrelevant. Prior to its collapse in lateofficial figures on religion in the Soviet Union were not available.
State atheism in the Soviet Union was known as gosateizm. During the late 19th century and also when Albania became a state, religions were suppressed in order to better unify Albanians.
This nationalism was also used to justify the communist stance of state atheism between and Religion in the People's Republic of China[ edit ] Further information: Religion in China The People's Republic of China was established in and for much of its early history maintained a hostile attitude toward religion which was seen as emblematic of feudalism and foreign colonialism.
Houses of worship, including temples, mosques and churches, were converted into non-religious buildings for secular use.
However, this attitude relaxed considerably in the late s with the end of the Cultural Revolution. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China guaranteed "freedom of religion" with a number of restrictions. Since the mids, there has been a massive program to rebuild Buddhist and Taoist temples that were destroyed in the Cultural Revolution.
The Christian and Muslim communities were among the most persecuted as well.
The Roman Catholic cathedral of Phnom Penh was razed. The Khmer Rouge forced Muslims to eat pork, which they regard as an abomination. Many of those who refused were killed. Christian clergy and Muslim imams were executed. Oppression of religious groups was nearly totally ended and relations between religious groups and the People's Republic of Kampuchea were much more neutral throughout its existence until the restoration of the monarchy a decade later.
Religion in Laos[ edit ] In contrast with the brutal repression of the sangha undertaken in Cambodiathe Communist government of Laos has not sought to oppose or suppress Buddhism in Laos to any great degree, rather since the early days of the Pathet Lao communist officials have sought to use the influence and respect afforded to Buddhist clergy to achieve political goals while discouraging religious practices seen as detrimental to Marxist aims.
Such elements include, for example, no clergy and themes that relate to mutualismlibertarian socialism and democratic confederalism.
Communism and Christianity[ edit ] Main article: Christian communism Nothing is easier than to give Christian asceticism a Socialist tinge. Has not Christianity declaimed against private property, against marriage, against the State?
Has it not preached in place of these, charity and poverty, celibacy and mortification of the flesh, monastic life and Mother Church?
Christian Socialism is but the holy water with which the priest consecrates the heart-burnings of the aristocrat. It is a theological and political theory based upon the view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support communism as the ideal social system.
Although there is no universal agreement on the exact date when Christian communism was founded, many Christian communists assert that evidence from the Bible suggests that the first Christians, including the Apostlescreated their own small communist society in the years following Jesus' death and resurrection.
As such, many advocates of Christian communism argue that it was taught by Jesus and practiced by the Apostles themselves. Utopian and ScientificFriedrich Engels draws a certain analogy between the sort of utopian communalism of some of the early Christian communities and the modern-day communist movement, the scientific communist movement representing the proletariat in this era and its world historic transformation of society.
Engels noted both certain similarities and certain contrasts. Consisting of a synthesis of Christian theology and Marxist socioeconomic analyses, liberation theology stresses social concern for the poor and advocates for liberation for oppressed peoples.
In addition to being a theological matter, liberation theology was often tied to concrete political practice. Communism and Islam[ edit ] Main articles:The Catholic Church - support Marxist view of religion The Catholic Church has vast amount of wealth and yet doesn't do enough to help the poor across the world according to Marxists.
Slavery - support Marxist view of religion. Another key concept in the Marxist perspective of religion is that of alienation - becoming seperated from or losing control over something that one has produced or created - in this case the control the working class have over the products they produce.
Jul 15, · Key sociologists for Marxism and Religion; Marx; Engels; Althusser; Neo-Marxism has a differing view on religion.
The key sociologist for Neo-Marxism is; Gramsci; Marx – religion as an ideological weapon and social opium. Marx believed that ideology was a belief that distorted people’s perception of reality.
Jul 15, · Marx – religion as an ideological weapon and social opium Marx believed that ideology was a belief that distorted people’s perception of reality. An ideology is a set of political and economic beliefs that are seen as true that benefit the dominant group (bourgeoisie) by justifying their privileged position.
Sep 21, · A short presentation of Marxist viewpoints on religion (revised and shortened). A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right (Karl Marx) - h.