Within contemporary sociology this tradition is very much alive in world-systems analysis, a perspective developed by Immanuel Wallerstein in the s. Modern nation states are all part of the world-system of capitalism, and it is this world-system that Wallerstein seeks to understand. Wallerstein believes that there are only three basic types of social systems.
It is not intended to replace instructions from your professors and TAs. In all cases follow course-specific assignment instructions, and consult your TA or professor if you have questions. About These Assignments Theory application assignments are a common type of analytical writing assigned in sociology classes.
Many instructors expect you to apply sociological theories sometimes called "perspectives" or "arguments" to empirical phenomena. Ask yourself, what would the theory predict "have to say" about a particular situation. According to the theory, if particular conditions are present or you see a change in a particular variable, what outcome should you expect?
Generally, a first step in a theory application assignment is to make certain you understand the theory! You should be able to state the theory the author's main argument in a sentence or two. Depending upon the assignment, you may be asked to specify the following: Macro-level theories refer to society- or group-level causes and processes; micro-level theories address individual-level causes and processes.
These are parameters or boundaries specified by the theorist that identify the types of empirical phenomena to which the theory applies. Most theories begin by assuming certain "facts. Theories vary in terms of whether they specify assumptions, scope conditions and causal mechanisms.
Sometimes they can only be inferred: Clearly understanding all the parts of a theory helps you ensure that you are applying the theory correctly to your case. For example, you can ask whether your case fits the theory's assumptions and scope conditions.
Most importantly, however, you should single out the main argument or point usually the causal relationship and mechanism of the theory. Does the theorist's key argument apply to your case? Students often go astray here by latching onto an inconsequential or less important part of the theory reading, showing the relationship to their case, and then assuming they have fully applied the theory.
Using Evidence to Make Your Argument Theory application papers involve making a claim or argument based on theory, supported by empirical evidence.
Each class of problem is addressed below, followed by some pointers for choosing "cases," or deciding upon the empirical phenomenon to which you will apply the theoretical perspective or argument including where to find data.
A common problem seen in theory application assignments is failing to substantiate claims, or making a statement that is not backed up with evidence or details "proof". When you make a statement or a claim, ask yourself, "How do I know this?
Put this evidence in your paper and remember to cite your sources.
Similarly, be careful about making overly strong or broad claims based on insufficient evidence. For example, you probably don't want to make a claim about how Americans feel about having a black president based on a poll of UW undergraduates.
You may also want to be careful about making authoritative conclusive claims about broad social phenomena based on a single case study. In addition to un- or under-substantiated claims, another problem that students often encounter when writing these types of papers is lack of clarity regarding "voice," or whose ideas they are presenting.
The reader is left wondering whether a given statement represents the view of the theorist, the student, or an author who wrote about the case. Be careful to identify whose views and ideas you are presenting. They spend the majority of their papers simply summarizing regurgitating the details of a case—much like a book report.
One way to avoid this is to remember that theory indicates which details or variables of a case are most relevant, and to focus your discussion on those aspects.
A second strategy is to make sure that you relate the details of the case in an analytical fashion. You might do this by stating an assumption of Marxist theory, such as "man's ideas come from his material conditions," and then summarizing evidence from your case on that point.
You could organize the details of the case into paragraphs and start each paragraph with an analytical sentence about how the theory relates to different aspects of the case. Some theory application papers require that you choose your own case an empirical phenomenon, trend, situation, etc.
Many students find choosing their own case rather challenging. Some questions to guide your choice are: Can I obtain sufficient data with relative ease on my case?
Is my case specific enough? If your subject matter is too broad or abstract, it becomes both difficult to gather data and challenging to apply the theory. Is the case an interesting one?
Professors often prefer that you avoid examples used by the theorist themselves, those used in lectures and sections, and those that are extremely obvious.Social stratification in the Caribbean has been influenced by slavery, colonialism, plantations and indentured servitude, according to Cape Sociology.
The upper class consisted of white plantation owners, the middle class was educated brown-skinned mulattoes and had some entrepreneurial power, while the lower class was made of black slaves.
Social Stratification Course Provider: Colin Mills Aims. The paper introduces students to contemporary research on social stratification, so that they are able to apply advanced concepts and techniques to their own research problems.
Social stratification is a termed used to describe the separation of classes of people within a particular society. Stratification can be based on multiple factors. Defining social stratification in the USA is difficult. Sociologists disagree on the number of US social classes (up to seven in some.
Q: Compare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification - Compare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification Essay introduction. The purpose of this essay is to compare, contrast and critically evaluate Marxist and Weberian theories of stratification.
The conflict theory is an acceptable way of understanding and explaining social stratification however on its own it does not adequately answer all the questions about timberdesignmag.com this essay, discussion will focus on how the conflict theory point of view can be applied in explaining stratification within society.
Discuss functionalist theory of social stratification essay. Posted by on Nov 25, in Discuss functionalist theory of social stratification essay | Discuss functionalist theory of social stratification essay.
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