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Full name Ernesto Guevara de la Serna Argentine-Cuban nonfiction writer, essayist, diarist, and political theorist. The following entry provides an overview of Guevara's career. The Marxist revolutionary who was chief military and ideological adviser to Fidel Castro during the Cuban Revolution of —, Guevara is still recognized by leftists all over Castros cuban social revolution essay world as a martyr to the cause of third-world revolution.
Guevara's near-mythic reputation rests largely on his military exploits and his personal example of courage, self-sacrifice, and idealism, rather than any major original contributions to Marxist theory or revolutionary practice.
As a writer of nonfiction, Guevara is best known for the training manual entitled La guerra de guerrillas ; Guerrilla Warfare and his posthumously published El diario de Che en Bolivia ; The Diary of Che Guevara. He is also the author of numerous collections of speeches and articles on such wide-ranging topics as socialist morality and economic planning.
Biographical Information Guevara was born in Argentina into an upper middle-class family with leftist sympathies. As a boy, he developed a severe asthma condition that would plague him throughout his life and contributed to his decision to pursue a career as a doctor.
Guevara received his medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires in and then traveled around South and Central America, eventually settling in Guatemala, where he worked as an inspector for the agrarian land redistribution program launched by reformist President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman.
Soon thereafter, a military coup organized and financed by the U. Central Intelligence Agency overthrew the Arbenz government. After fruitless attempts to organize local popular resistance to the military takeover, Guevara took asylum in the Argentine embassy, where he remained for two months before fleeing to Mexico.
Guevara's first-hand experience of the coup deepened his anti-American sentiments and helped convince him that armed revolution was necessary for social reforms to occur in Latin America.
Guevara agreed to join the Castros' "26 of July Movement" as their physician and thereby became the sole non-Cuban among eighty-three guerrilla fighters who landed in Cuba in December of The Cuban army crushed the force immediately, but Guevara and the Castros were among the twelve survivors who managed to reach the rugged Sierra Maestra mountain range, where they began organizing the infrastructure for a prolonged guerilla insurgency.
Guevara, nicknamed "Che" by his Cuban comrades, took up arms with the rest of the insurgents and displayed such leadership ability that he was named commander of a second guerrilla column composed of local peasant recruits.
He also served as a trusted political advisor to commander-in-chief Fidel Castro, headed the insurgent medical corps, and organized military training camps, a radio station, a weapons plant, and a network of schools in the guerrilla zone of control.
In late Guevara's soldiers routed a much larger and better equipped Cuban army contingent at the decisive battle of Santa Clara, which convinced Batista to resign from office and flee the country. Not long afterward, Guevara led the first rebel force into Havana and sealed the revolutionary victory.
In the last two posts, Guevara who was awarded full citizenship rights by the Castro government was largely involved in the immensely complex and difficult task of converting a sugar-based, capitalist economy heavily dependent on the United States into a state-run system with a more diversified production and trading base.
In Guevara helped negotiate an historic trading pact with the Soviet Union, exchanging sugar for capital goods; after the United States imposed an economic boycott of the island later in the year, he traveled to other Eastern bloc countries to develop new commercial relations.
Better versed in Marxist economic theory than Castro, Guevara envisioned a socialist outcome for the Cuban Revolution and encouraged the Cuban leader to take the definitive step toward a state-run system by nationalizing virtually all of the country's industry in late Determined to break Cuba from its over-reliance on sugar exports, Guevara sought to industrialize the island with support from the Eastern Bloc, which provided generous aid and advantageous sugar prices.
He believed, however, that the emergence of a new "socialist morality" among the Cuban people was the most expedient means of developing the island's economy. Consequently, he favored moral rather than material incentives to raise production and advocated voluntary work programs to strengthen revolutionary consciousness and solidarity.
In early Guevara mysteriously disappeared from public view, with many speculating that he had disagreed with Castro over economic policy and had subsequently been "removed.
In he returned to Havana, where he made plans to apply his military theories on guerrilla insurgency in South America. Guevara's ultimate goal was to create "two, three, many Vietnams" to challenge the hegemony of the United States—his greatest "imperialist" enemy.
With Castro's support, he assembled a force of Cuban and Peruvian revolutionaries who secretly entered Bolivia in late Joined by Bolivian rebels, the group began its guerrilla campaign in southeastern Bolivia in March after its presence was revealed to local peasants.
Guevara's far-reaching plans, however, proceeded disastrously since neither the local peasantry nor the Bolivian Communist Party provided the expected support. The Bolivian army, actively assisted by the C.Fidel Castro's role in the cuban revolution; Fidel Castro’s role in the cuban revolution Essay Sample.
to the success of the Cuban Revolution in but extending the revolution beyond the seizure of power into a genuine social revolution which transformed Cuban society. Most Cuban immigrants have settled in Florida, a state only ninety miles from the coast of Cuba.
By the year , more than million Cuban Americans were living in the United States, mostly in South Florida, where the population of Miami was about one-third Cuban.
This paper explores the political, social, and economic factors that led to Fidel Castro's revolution in Cuba. The paper first describes the rightist rule of Fulgencio Batista and . Jun 19, · When Castro took over Cuba, he worked on eradicating gambling, drugs, prostitution and pornography.
One of the most important social changes, was the redistribution of lands to the peasants, lands which originally belonged to 10 richest Cuban timberdesignmag.com: Resolved.
Fidel Castro and the ‘July 26 Movement’ were greatly involved in the Cuban revolution of As the opposition against the Batista government grew, Fidel Castro, a member of the Cuban Orthodox party and Student leader, claimed that the only way to oppose Batista was through an arms uprising.5/5(3).
The father of communist Cuba, Fidel Castro, died on Nov. 25, , at the age of The controversial and divisive world figure received several international awards and is recognized as a.