Overview[ edit ] Different parts of Europe have nationalist parties with different ideologies and goals.
A summary of the Troubles in Northern Ireland A map of Northern Ireland, which sits on the north-east tip of the Irish landmass Northern Ireland is a place of natural beauty, mystery and Celtic charm. In recent times, however, the history of Northern Ireland has been marred by political tension, sectarian feuding and paramilitary killing.
From the late s the world watched in despair as Northern Ireland unravelled into unrest and violence. This period is euphemistically known as the Troubles.
Trouble had in fact been brewing in Northern Ireland for generations. Created by the partition of Ireland inNorthern Ireland was a society plagued by tension and division. On one side of the divide stood Unionists: Caught in the middle, the British government was eager to achieve reconciliation and peace in Northern Ireland but was unsure how to achieve this.
For three decades these groups struggled for ascendancy as the Troubles in Northern Ireland raged. Their actions produced the deaths of more than 3, people, many of them civilians and innocent children caught in the crossfire.
The majority of Irish are Catholic, however English occupation and settlement in the 16th and 17th centuries left Ireland with a sizeable Protestant population.
Repressive and discriminatory Penal Laws kept Catholics out of education, prestigious professions and government. In the late s rising Irish nationalism called for greater autonomy for the Irish parliament.
It also triggered uprisings like the Wolfe Tone rebellion, an unsuccessful attempt to drive the English from Ireland. London responded by crushing these rebellions and passing the Act of Union, which formed the United Kingdom and placed Ireland under British control. In the 19th century Irish Catholics fought to regain their rights, demanding emancipation and participation in their own government, a goal they achieved in Impoverished Irish Catholics suffered tremendously during the Great Famine of the s; around one million starved to death and an even greater number fled the country in search of a better life.
Other more moderate Irish political parties also embraced nationalism.
By the s many Irish parliamentarians were lobbying for Home Rule, or Irish self government. But Home Rule was bitterly opposed by Anglo-Irish Protestants, most of whom were clustered in the north-east in what they called Ulster.
Home Rule, they argued, would place them under the heel of a Catholic parliament in Dublin and jeopardise their economic livelihood and political and religious freedom. But the push for Home Rule continued, regardless of Unionist opposition.
Two late 19th century attempts to legislate Home Rule were defeated in the British parliament. A third Home Rule bill was introduced inthis time with the support of the government. It triggered a crisis in the north-east, where Unionists formed a paramilitary group the Ulster Volunteers and threatened to take up arms to resist Home Rule.
In early the Ulster Volunteers took delivery of a large cache of arms, purchased illegally from Germany.
The implementation of Home Rule, it seemed, would trigger a civil war in Ireland. But radical Republicans, impatient with the lack of political reform in Ireland, decided to act. In April they launched the famous Easter Rising, capturing the post office in Dublin and proclaiming an independent Irish republic.
British troops quickly crushed the uprising but it proved a turning point in Irish republicanism. In they formed an alternative government, declared an independent Irish republic and vowed to fight until the British were driven from Ireland.
Meanwhile, in latethe British government attempted to implement Home Rule by partitioning Ireland, separating six Protestant counties in Ulster from the rest of the country.Biographies and detailed an overview of the nationalism in northern ireland histories amongst many other resources for anyone interested in this vital period You may have arrived at this page because you followed a link to one of our old platforms an overview of the nationalism in northern ireland that cannot be redirected Cambridge Core is the new academic platform from OVERVIEW .
The Northern Ireland conflict was a thirty year bout of political violence, low intensity armed conflict and political deadlock within the six north-eastern counties of Ireland that formed part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Understanding The Northern Ireland Conflict: A Summary And Overview Of The Conflict And Its Origins Understanding The Northern Ireland Conflict: A Summary And Overview Of The Conflict And Its Origins Table Of Contents Preface 5 In opposition to a rising tide of Irish nationalism the Orange Order fostered a.
Nationalism And Case Study Of Northern Ireland History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The case study shortly discussed here will focus on nationalism in Northern Ireland. Nationalism had a major impact on Northern Irish politics and life during the second half of the twentieth century, a time when the rest of .
Religion and Nationalism in Northern Ireland This unit discusses the ethnic, political, and religious conflict in Northern Ireland. Students study the history of the conflict and examine the responses of various parties to the Good Friday Agreement.
List of active nationalist parties in Europe. Party lost seats during this round of elections, showing a decline in support for local government-level nationalism in the country after the Brexit referendum of Northern Ireland /.