The market share is converted into a weekly sales estimate based on industry reports on the overall size of the market, including reports published in Home Media Magazine. The consumer spending estimate is based on the average sales price for the title in the retailers we survey. We refine our estimates from week to week as more data becomes available.
Gerben Bakker, University of Essex Introduction Like other major innovations such as the automobile, electricity, chemicals and the airplane, cinema emerged in most Western countries at the same time.
As the first form of industrialized mass-entertainment, it was all-pervasive. From the s onwards, each year billions of cinema-tickets were sold and consumers who did not regularly visit the cinema became a minority. In Italy, today hardly significant in international entertainment, the film industry was the fourth-largest export industry before the First World War.
In the depression-struck U. Despite this economic significance, despite its rapid emergence and growth, despite its pronounced effect on the everyday life of consumers, and despite its importance as an early case of the industrialization of services, the economic history of the film industry has hardly been examined.
This article will limit itself exclusively to the economic development of the industry.
It will discuss just a few countries, mainly the U. This entry cannot do justice to developments in each and every country, given the nature of an encyclopedia article.
This entry also limits itself to the evolution of the Western film industry, because it has been and still is the largest film industry in the world, in revenue terms, although this may well change in the future. Before Cinema In the late eighteenth century most consumers enjoyed their entertainment in an informal, haphazard and often non-commercial way.
When making a trip they could suddenly meet a roadside entertainer, and their villages were often visited by traveling showmen, clowns and troubadours.
Seasonal fairs attracted a large variety of musicians, magicians, dancers, fortune-tellers and sword-swallowers. Only a few large cities harbored legitimate theaters, strictly regulated by the local and national rulers.
This world was torn apart in two stages. First, most Western countries started to deregulate their entertainment industries, enabling many more entrepreneurs to enter the business and make far larger investments, for example in circuits of fixed stone theaters. Most European countries followed during the nineteenth century.
Britain, for example, deregulated in the mids, and France in the late s. The result of this was that commercial, formalized and standardized live entertainment emerged that destroyed a fair part of traditional entertainment.
The combined effect of liberalization, innovation and changes in business organization, made the industry grow rapidly throughout the nineteenth century, and integrated local and regional entertainment markets into national ones. By the end of the nineteenth century, integrated national entertainment industries and markets maximized productivity attainable through process innovations.
Creative inputs, for example, circulated swiftly along the venues — often in dedicated trains — coordinated by centralized booking offices, maximizing capital and labor utilization. At the end of the nineteenth century, in the era of the second industrial revolution, falling working hours, rising disposable income, increasing urbanization, rapidly expanding transport networks and strong population growth resulted in a sharp rise in the demand for entertainment.
The effect of this boom was further rapid growth of live entertainment through process innovations. At the turn of the century, the production possibilities of the existing industry configuration were fully realized and further innovation within the existing live-entertainment industry could only increase productivity incrementally.
At this moment, in a second stage, cinema emerged and in its turn destroyed this world, by industrializing it into the modern world of automated, standardized, tradable mass-entertainment, integrating the national entertainment markets into an international one.
Technological Origins In the early s, Thomas Edison introduced the kinematograph, which enabled the shooting of films and their play-back in slot-coin machines for individual viewing.
Cinema reconfigured different technologies that all were available from the late s onwards:Jun 30, · Frank Smith shares his ideas on the nature of change in the movie industry and its value in a personal sense and a business dynamic.
|How Star Wars changed the special effects industry – The New Economy||Outline[ edit ] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.|
|'Black Panther' passes 'Titanic' at the box office||The British film industry is afraid to fund and show the war film based on this.|
|The first feature film to be made was the Australian silent The Story of the Kelly Gangan account of the notorious gang led by Ned Kelly that was directed and produced by the Melburnians Dan Barry and Charles Tait. It ran, continuously, for eighty minutes.|
|So at some point a writer has to get creative and spill their brains onto a page.|
|The Dark Side: An Oral History of The Star Wars Holiday Special | Mental Floss||Film as an art form has drawn on several earlier traditions in the fields such as oral storytellingliteraturetheatre and visual arts. By the 16th century necromantic ceremonies and the conjuring of ghostly apparitions by charlatan "magicians" and "witches" seemed commonplace.|
Frank Smith . Spencer Williams film. contemporary story around a narrative of religion. story of a guy who owns a juke joint that is losing business he thinks because the local church is talking **** about him.
Pictures are taken of him kissing a woman and having fun with a group. The History of the Hollywood Movie Industry Hollywood: Perhaps no other place on earth evokes the same air of show-business magic and glamour. The legend of Hollywood began in the early 20th century and is an earmark of modern American society rich in history and innovation.
During most of America's wars the film industry made a positive contribution to the war effort. This was achieved in a variety of ways: explaining the causes of the war, revealing the evil nature of the enemy, the sacrifice of Americans and the importance of the home front.
Japan's Motorcycle Wars: An Industry History [Jeffrey W. Alexander] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reading this book is a revelation and a thrill. It is an excellent example of business history done right. Alexander’s contribution here is thoroughly original; he gives us a rare look into the experiences of the losers as well as the winners in Japanese business.
Venice film festival all star lineup, despite lack of female film-makers Business leader Trump says impeachment could hurt the boom. But he’s hurting it already.